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Fungal Nails - Onychomycosis

Fungal Toenails. - Onychomycosis 

How do you get a fungal nail infection ?
Fungal nail infections often arise  from a fungal skin infection.  For example, athlete’s foot is a fungal skin infection

the toes.  This might spread to the toenails if the skin infection is not treated early. Fingernail infection might occur

after a toenail infection has become established. The fungus can spread to a finger if you scratch your itchy toes and  toenail.  Fingernail infections are also more likely to occur if you wash your hands frequently, or have them in water

a lot.  For example, if you are a cook or a cleaner.  Constant washing can damage the protective skin at the base of

the nail.  This could allow fungi to enter.  A nail that has recently been damaged is also more likely to become infected. 

You have an increased risk developing a fungal nail infection if you have various other conditions. For example,

diabetes,  psoriasis,  poor circulation,  a poor immune system (for example, if you have AIDS or are on chemotherapy),

or general poor state of health.  Nail infections are more common in people who live in hot or humid climates.  

Smoking also increases the risk of developing a nail infection.  Finally in some cases there is no apparent reason.

What are Fungal nails?

Often the infection is just in one nail, but several may be affected.  At first the infection is usually painless.  The nail

can look thickened and discoloured (often a greeny-yellow colour).  Commonly,  this is all that occurs and it often

causes no other symptoms. However, it can look unsightly. Sometimes the infection becomes worse.  White or yellow patches can appear where the nail has come away from the skin under the nail (the nailbed). Sometimes the whole nail comes away. The nail can become soft and crumble.  Bits of nail can  fall off.  The skin next to the nail could be inflamed or scaly. 

If left untreated,  the infection might even eventually destroy the nail and the nailbed, and could become painful. 

Walking could become uncomfortable, if the toenail became bacterially infected and swollen.


Video: What are ''Good shoes"

A selection of Fungal infected nails.

Fungal nails  1.jpg
1) Moderate stage of Fungal nail development
Fungal nails 3.jpg
Fungal nail No.2 (above right) has been debrided and bacterial pus has been released from under the toenail. 
Fungal nails 2.jpg
2) Fungal nail has also become bacterially infected 
Fungal nails 4.jpg
Chronic Fungal nail - Full visible nail distance -Onychomycosis

Video: What are ''Good shoes"

Video: Fungal nails 

Video: What are ''Good shoes"

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